martes, 25 de julio de 2017

Los moluscos eran parte de la dieta de los neandertales de la costa cántabra


Mapa con la localización de la cueva de El Cuco.
 
Joseba Rios Garaizar, del CENIEH, es una de los autores de un estudio sobre la Cueva de El Cuco que revela el consumo de recursos marinos de estas poblaciones hace unos 45.000 años

Joseba Rios Garaizar, arqueólogo del Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH), es coautor de un estudio en el yacimiento cántabro de El Cuco (Castro Urdiales), publicado en la revista Quaternary International, que revela el consumo de recursos marinos de las poblaciones neandertales, algo que hasta ahora sólo había sido identificado en yacimientos del Mediterráneo y en la costa Atlántica del sur y el oeste de la Península Ibérica.

Los niveles inferiores del yacimiento de El Cuco, excavados en 2005, fueron inicialmente atribuidos al Auriñaciense. Ahora un nuevo estudio sitúa estos mismos niveles al final del Paleolítico Medio, certificando que se tratan de restos de ocupaciones de comunidades neandertales. [...] CENIEH 


Late Neandertal shell fishers in the Cantabrian coast. El Cuco (Castro Urdiales, Cantabria) sequence revisited | arkeobasque 
A new paper titled “A chrono-cultural reassessment of the levels VI–XIV from El Cuco rock-shelter: A new sequence for the Late Middle Paleolithic in the Cantabrian region (northern Iberia)” has been published in Quaternary International (Gutierrez-Zugasti et al. 2017). In this work, we propose a new chrono-cultural attribution for the lower part of El Cuco’s archeological sequence, which is now attributed to the Middle Paleolithic. This change demanded a new lecture of the entire site, which nowadays is the first site in the Bay of Biscay, atributed to neandertals, with clear evidence of marine resource consumption. Also, the new sequence is relevant to understand the end of the Middle Paleolithic in the region...

Neanderthals ate stinky turtles 60000 years ago in Israel


Shell fragments, from Western Caspian turtles. "Impact area" is where somebody hit them with a rock to break open the shell abut 60,000 years ago. Gonen Sharon

On the banks of the Jordan River, somebody, apparently not us, added freshwater turtles to their diets of giant cows, deer, weeds and reptiles.

On a lush lakeshore in northern Israel 60,000 years ago, prehistoric hunter-gatherers were augmenting their diet of aurochs, deer and weeds with smelly freshwater turtles, archaeologists have discovered.

Prehistoric hominins had been known to feast on tortoises, a terrestrial reptile, well before Man was a gleam in the Creator's eye. In Israel, tortoise bones associated with prehistoric beings go back 1.5 million years, though archaeologists argue over whether the beings at Ubeidiya actually ate the tortoises. They probably did at Gesher Benot Ya’akov about 780,000 years ago. In east Africa, evidence of tortoise consumption by early-humans goes back as much as 2.5 million years. Not turtles, though.

As scientists have pointed out, hunting down an elephant with spears is exhausting and dangerous, while hunting down a tortoise involves seeing it, bending over and picking it up. It's low-risk and they taste fantastic. Why would the ancients even bother trying to catch the friskier, faster, slimier and malodorous turtle lurking in the swamp? [...] Haaretz.com