miércoles, 6 de septiembre de 2017

People may have lived in Brazil more than 20,000 years ago


D. Vialou et al/Antiquity 2017
 
People hunted giant sloths in the center of South America around 23,120 years ago, researchers say — a find that adds to evidence that humans reached South America well before Clovis hunters roamed North America roughly 13,000 years ago.

Evidence of people’s presence at Santa Elina rock shelter, located in a forested part of eastern Brazil, so long ago raises questions about how people first entered South America. Early settlers may have floated down the Pacific Coast in canoes before heading 2,000 kilometers east to the remote rock shelter, or they might have taken an inland route from North America, archaeologist Denis Vialou of the National Museum of Natural History in Paris and his colleagues report in the August Antiquity. Other South American sites reportedly occupied by Stone Age humans lie much closer to the coast than Santa Elina does. [...] Science News


Actualización. Grupos humanos poblaron el centro de Brasil hace 20.000 años
Restos óseos de perezosos gigantes convertidos en objetos de adorno así lo sugieren
Poco a poco, yacimiento a yacimiento, vamos conociendo nuevos detalles de la prehistoria del continente americano, y especialmente datos sobre sus primeros pobladores que ponen en entredicho el modelo teórico actual con la llegada de los primeros humanos a través de Beringia hace unos 13.000 años. En este caso se trata del abrigo rocoso de Santa Elina, en el corazón verde de Brasil, donde grupos humanos fabricaban adornos con placas óseas de perezosos gigantes hace unos 20.000 años, en un lugar completamente alejado de las líneas de costa...

Unique 7,200-year-old clay model silo forces rethink of how society evolved


A 7,200-year-old model of a grain silo unearthed at Tel Tsaf in the Jordan Valley. (courtesy)

Discovered at Tel Tsaf in the Jordan Valley, one-of-a-kind vessel testifies to earliest agricultural rituals known in the ancient Near East

A unique 7,200-year-old clay silo model, the earliest evidence of ritual food storage, has been discovered during archaeological excavations at the prehistoric settlement of Tel Tsaf in Israel’s Jordan Valley.

The one-of-a-kind pottery vessel testifies to a previously undiscovered religious — and perhaps even political — side of food storage for this era in the ancient Near East, according to the international team of archaeologists from the University of Haifa and the German Archaeological Institute, Berlin.

Decorated with red balls, the small clay silo is the only such vessel discovered anywhere and from any period, archaeologist Professor Danny Rosenberg of the Zinman Institute of Archaeology at the University of Haifa told The Times of Israel on Wednesday.

“It’s really uncommon and doesn’t look like any vessel we have,” said Rosenberg. [...] The Times of Israel / Link 2 / Link 3


Actualización. The Connection between an Unusual Pottery vessel and the Development of the Elites - University of Haifa