domingo, 22 de septiembre de 2013

Archaeological dig seeks evidence of the very first islanders' arrival

ISLANDS perhaps better known for their Bronze Age relics are revealing traces of an earlier civilisation.

A settlement being unearthed on St Martin's represents "the most promising neolithic site in Scilly", according to Dr Duncan Garrow of Liverpool University, a specialist in the prehistory of North- West Europe.

The dig site at St Martin's Old Quay, where 2m by 2m test pits have revealed a wealth of ancient material.
Along with maritime archaeologist Dr Fraser Sturt of Southampton University and a ten-strong team, supplemented by locals, he is exploring how Neolithic man arrived on the islands some 5,000 to 6,000 years ago.
After identifying a possible Mesolithic or Neolithic occupation site at St Martin's Old Quay last year, based on finds of pottery and flint tools, Dr Garrow is now conducting a dig in the area, and called it the most promising site in Scilly. [...]

Il ponte sullo Stretto di Messina esisteva ed era usato dall’uomo

I resti di un uomo e di un cavallo sono stati ritrovati nella grotta di San Teodoro in Sicilia, possibile segno che il passaggio "Sella", oggi a 81 metri sott'acqua, un tempo era usato dall'homo sapiens come ponte naturale tra l'isola e il continente.

 Muoversi dalla Calabria alla Sicilia a piedi e viceversa era possibile, ma non per strade sospese sul mare costruite dall'uomo. 20.000 anni esisteva un ponte naturale tra l'isola ed il continente che sembra fosse attraversato dall'homo sapiens di allora. Nella grotta di San Teodoro in Sicilia, infatti, sono stati trovati i resti di un uomo e di un cavallo, possibile testimonianza di un attraversamento di quelle che allora erano terre emerse. La ricerca, durata due anni, è stata coordinata da Fabrizio Antonioli, geomorfologo marino dell'Enea, [...]

Greece. 6,000-year-old Wine Discovered in Kavala

In the prehistoric settlement of Dikili Tash were discovered the oldest samples of wine that were ever recorded in Europe. The samples date back to 4200 BC and reverse existing data regarding the way of living during the Neolithic period.

The prehistoric site of Dikili Tash is located south east of Drama in Eastern Macedonia, Greece. It lies approximately 2 km from the ruins of the ancient city of Philippi and within the limits of the modern town of Krinides (Municipality of Kavala).

“It is an impressive and important discovery,” the archaeologist of the 17th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities and co-director of the excavations at Dikili Tash Dimitra Malamidou told She explained that, “During the excavations that took place in a house on the archaeological site, called House 1, quantities of carbonized grape berries that had been pressed were discovered in pots, a fact which proves the extraction of juice from grapes.”

“So far, we knew that people drank wine in the Bronze Age (from the 12th century B.C. henceforth), but now we learn that the wine-making process was known long before that Age, since 4200 BC,” Malamidou stated. Based on the new findings occur new data regarding the consumption of wine, as well as the social groups of the Neolithic period.

Actualización:  I sommelier del Neolitico - National Geographic / Link 2
Quando pensiamo al vino in epoca antica, è probabile che ci vengano in mente scene di festini, con calici ricolmi e sontuosi banchetti: insomma, sembra sia stato un prodotto d'élite. Da un nuovo studio pubblicato sul Journal of Archaeological Science risulterebbe invece che l'inebriante bevanda è sempre stata piuttosto "democratica", fin dall'Età della Pietra.

Negli anni Novanta, l'archeobotanica Soultana Valamoti ha cominciato a studiare le rovine di Dikili Tash, un villaggio neolitico scoperto nel nord della Grecia all'inizio del secolo scorso (breve ripasso: il Neolitico corrisponde alla tarda Età della Pietra, quando gli esseri umani, oltre a costruire utensili di pietra, abbandonano gradualmente caccia e raccolta e cominciano a produrre in proprio il cibo tramite l'agricoltura e l'allevamento)... 

Mold gold cape: Bronze Age site's 'exciting' new finds

An archaeological dig on the site where a priceless Bronze Age gold cape was found has unearthed new finds.

The new finds might be older than the Bronze Age gold cape found on the site
It had been thought nothing was left at the site at Mold, Flintshire after it was last excavated in 1953.
But a community dig led by archaeologists has now turned up tiny burned fragments of bone and small pieces of pottery.

They could turn out to be older than the Mold Gold Cape which was made 3,700 years ago from a single sheet of gold.

The cape, which was discovered in 1833, is one of the British Museum's most prized artefacts and it has been on show at Cardiff and Wrexham this summer.

It was found with a skeleton in a burial site.

The latest discovery could mean the site had some significance further back than many expected, according to archaeologist Mark Lodwick, who is finds co-ordinator for Wales for the Portable Antiquities Scheme... (Video)