sábado, 29 de marzo de 2014

Discoveries Challenge Beliefs on Humans’ Arrival in the Americas




SERRA DA CAPIVARA NATIONAL PARK, Brazil — Niede Guidon still remembers her astonishment when she glimpsed the paintings.

Preserved amid the bromeliad-encrusted plateaus that tower over the thorn forests of northeast Brazil, the ancient rock art depicts fierce battles among tribesmen, orgiastic scenes of prehistoric revelry and hunters pursuing their game, spears in hand.

“These were stunning compositions, people and animals together, not just figures alone,” said Dr. Guidon, 81, remembering what first lured her and other archaeologists in the 1970s to this remote site where jaguars still prowl.

Hidden in the rock shelters where prehistoric humans once lived, the paintings number in the thousands. Some are thought to be more than 9,000 years old and perhaps even far more ancient. Painted in red ocher, they rank among the most revealing testaments anywhere in the Americas to what life was like millenniums before the European conquest began a mere five centuries ago.

But it is what excavators found when they started digging in the shadows of the rock art that is contributing to a pivotal re-evaluation of human history in the hemisphere. [...] nytimes.com/


Actualización 01-04-14Descubrimientos que desafían las creencias sobre la llegada de humanos a América
Nuevas fechas para la presencia humana en Brasil
El hallazgo de herramientas líticas de 22.000 años de antigüedad al noreste de Brasil trastoca las creencias establecidas acerca del poblamiento del continente americano. A lo largo de los últimos años, diferentes hallazgos diseminados por toda América ponen en entredicho las cronologías manejadas hasta ahora...