miércoles, 15 de octubre de 2014

Encontrada un hacha pulimentada de al menos 3000 años en Orio

Vídeo YouTube por ARANZADIciencia el 18/9/2014 añadido a Paleo Vídeos > Prehistoria de España y Portugal > L.R.1.9 nº 29.

El descubrimiento fortuito lo realizaron Luis Figuerido y Josean Zubiria mientras trabajaban su terreno situado cerca del camping de Orio. Al observar que era una piedra pulida y trabajada se pusieron en contacto con la Sociedad de Ciencias Aranzadi quien certificó su antigüedad.

El hacha pulimentada mide 13 centímetros de longitud y 6 de ancho, y corresponde a  Prehistoria Reciente , con una cronología estimada de entre 6000 y 3000  años. Los descubridores, siendo conscientes del valor histórico de la pieza, la depositarán en el centro Gordailua de Irún para que se custodie junto con el resto del patrimonio arqueológico  mueble de Gipuzkoa... aranzadi.eus

Possible prehistoric barbeque pit discovered in Cyprus

Archaeologists have uncovered what could be a prehistoric barbeque pit used by large bands of hunters at the Prastio-Mesorotsos site in the Paphos district.

According to the antiquities department the team of archaeologists led by a University of Edinburgh professor, examined the prehistoric remains from the site, which was later settled during various other eras in antiquity.

It said the earliest deposits on the site dated to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period – around 8000 BC to 7000 BC – and revealed storage pits and food preparation areas.

Two features from different areas of the site also revealed sophisticated  pyrotechnology.

In one instance, a large stone-lined pit showed evidence of burning and was filled with a concentration of ash.

“If this feature was for roasting food, this pit-roast technique would have served the needs of a great number of people, possibly bands of hunters exploiting the upland resources,” said a statement from the antiquities department.

In another area, a smaller scale but roughly contemporary feature was an above-ground mud-built (pisé) domed structure similar to a tanour or kleftiko type oven. “This smaller domed oven could have been used for baking bread or roasting meat, but represents domestic-scale usage attesting to a diversity of activities,” it added.

Very close to the domed oven was an “enigmatic” series of shallow pits, at least 12 in total, that were cut into one another by the ancient inhabitants over a long period of time, from the Pre-pottery Neolithic to the Ceramic (Late) Neolithic phase of the site.

Many of these pits were filled deliberately with carefully-placed special objects, attesting occupational longevity and social memory of activity spaces.  The antiquities department said the concentration of pits and the repeated use of them for disposing of unusual objects hinted at special behaviours and rituals.

Previous excavations at the site have revealed an extensive and complicated Bronze Age sequence of occupation complete with houses and work areas.

Major changes in artefacts and architecture showing the transition of the site from the Early (2400 BC) to Middle Cypriot Bronze Age (1900 BC-1600 BC) have also been noted.

The Middle Cypriot period was when the inhabitants began to intensify their lifestyle and social organisation. Massive construction had taken place just before the site was abandoned near the end of the Middle Cypriot period, not to be resettled again until after the Late Bronze Age (1300 BC-1200 BC), the Geometric (1050 BC-700 BC) and later periods.

This year’s excavations were conducted from June 9 to July 13. The team was led by Dr Andrew McCarthy, Fellow of the School of History, Classics and Archaeology at the University of Edinburgh, and Director of the Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute (CAARI). Jean Christou / cyprus-mail.com

Actualización 03-09-15: Recreated Pit Roast Offers a Taste of Stone Age Life
Before there was pottery in Cyprus, there was barbecue.

And in the spirit of the Stone Age, archaeologists on the Mediterranean island recreated a prehistoric pit feast this summer — feeding 200 people with pig and goat, slow-roasted underground — to test the cooking methods of Neolithic chefs.

A 9,000-year-old barbecue pit was recently discovered at Prastio Mesorotsos, a site in the Diarizos Valley outside of Paphos, which has been almost continuously occupied from the Neolithic era to the present. It took three years of excavations before archaeologists from the University of Edinburgh got to the bottom of the stone-lined, ash-covered pit, and only last summer could they say with some certainty that they were looking at an ancient oven. But the pit was so big — about 8 feet (2.5 meters) across and 3 feet (1 meter) deep — that Andrew McCarthy, director of the expedition, wasn't sure if cooking in it would actually work...

Actualización: Completion of the archaeological investigations at the multi-period site of Prastio-Mesorotsos  / Link 2 

The Department of Antiquities, Ministry of Transport, Communications and Works, announces the completion of the 2016 University of Edinburgh archaeological investigations at the multi-period site of Prastio-Mesorotsos in the Pafos district.

The expedition is under the direction of Dr Andrew McCarthy, Fellow of the School of History, Classics and Archaeology at the University of Edinburgh, and Director of the Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute (CAARI).

According to an official press release, this year’s investigations took place between the 24 July to 24 August 2016.

The project involves the cooperation of an interna.tional team of specialists and field school students. In the ninth season of activity at the site, the team excavated in four areas, exposing prehistoric remains from the Neolithic, Chalcolithic and the Early and Middle Bronze Ages, as well as a small area of Late Roman/Byzantine occupation.

Additionally, this season a survey and geophysical prospection of an area on the opposite bank of the Dhiarizos River, near the abandoned village of Prasteio, was conducted.

The earliest evidence for the use of the site dates to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period.

In 2016 the team excavated a remarkable set of shallow pits, many of which contained special broken objects placed in a ritualistic manner, including picrolite objects, stone vessels and human remains...

Russian Archaeologists Discover Cave Paintings Dated 3000 BC

Russian archaeologists have discovered ancient cave paintings dating back to 3000 BC in a gorge in southern Russia, they said.

"A few days ago we found five drawings, fairly large fragments, on the territory of the Khasaut gorge," archaeologist Andrei Belinsky was quoted as saying Tuesday by the Interfax news agency.

"This is a great discovery because no one has ever seen them before," said Belinsky, who heads the Stavropolsky region's Heritage cultural museum.

Belinsky added that the paintings, which were discovered near the Caucasian town of Kislovodsk, were made using ochre paint and had been dated back to the Third Bronze Age.

One of the paintings discovered in the gorge features a hunting scene as well as figures that appear to be from another world — leading scholars to conclude the paintings may have been used in ancient rituals, Interfax reported.

Ochre, which comprises natural earth pigments, is revered for its long-lasting qualities and many cave paintings discovered around the world were made using the mineral-based paint. themoscowtimes.com/

Actualización 17-10-14: Arqueólogos rusos descubren pinturas rupestres de 5.000 años – RT
Arqueólogos rusos han descubierto unas pinturas rupestres pertenecientes al tercer milenio antes de Cristo. El hallazgo ha sido realizado cerca de la ciudad de Kislovodsk, en la región de Stávropol, en el Cáucaso Norte.

"Hace unos días encontramos cinco pinturas, fragmentos bastante grandes, en el desfiladero de Jasaut", dijo el martes pasado el arqueólogo Andréi Belinski citado por la agencia de noticias Interfax.

"Se trata de un gran descubrimiento porque nadie las había visto antes, nadie las ha publicado", dijo Belinski, director de la filial en la región de Stávropol de la empresa estatal Nasledia ('patrimonio').

El arqueólogo agregó que las pinturas descubiertas cerca de la ciudad de Kislovodsk se hicieron con pintura ocre y se remontan a la Edad de Bronce, al tercer milenio antes de Cristo.

Uno de los fragmentos representa una escena de caza, concretamente el momento en el que los cazadores disparan flechas con sus arcos. Según los científicos, esta acción era un símbolo en el sistema de representación del mundo de ultratumba en la antigüedad.

Elaboradas como composiciones complejas e historias que servían de enlace con los poderes superiores, estas imágenes podrían haber sido utilizadas en rituales antiguos, precisan los arqueólogos.

El ocre, un mineral terroso de color amarillo, era muy apreciado por sus cualidades duraderas y muchas obras rupestres descubiertas en todo el mundo se pintaron con tintes a base de este mineral.