domingo, 23 de noviembre de 2014

Recintos de fosos calcolíticos del Valle Medio del Duero

Libro: Recintos de fosos calcolíticos del Valle Medio del Duero: Arqueología aéra y espacial
Germán ... [et al.] Delibes de Castro
Tapa blanda: 213 páginas
Editor: Universidad de Valladolid; Edición: 1 (13 de octubre de 2014)

Archaeologists hail ‘incredible’ Norfolk Bronze Age discovery

Dr Tim Pestell with the Bronze Age dirk (large dagger) which was ceremonially bent when it was made. It's the only other British example (which was also found in Norfolk) is in the British Museum. Photo : Steve Adams

An ‘amazing’ Bronze Age discovery has been revealed

A spectacular new Norfolk treasure has been unveiled - after years of being used as a doorstop.

The 3,500-year-old Rudham Dirk, a ceremonial Middle Bronze Age dagger, was first ploughed up near East Rudham more than a decade ago. But the landowner didn’t realise what it was and was using it to prop open his office door.

And the bronze treasure even came close to being thrown in a skip, but luckily archaeologists identified it in time.

Now the dirk has been bought for Norfolk for close to £41,000 and is now on display in Norwich Castle Museum.

Dr John Davies, Chief Curator of Norfolk Museums Service, said: “This is one of the real landmark discoveries.”

The dirk - a kind of dagger - was never meant to be used as a weapon and was deliberately bent when it was made as an offering to the gods.[...]

Actualización. The giant Bronze Age ritual dagger found in a field in Norfolk – Museum Crush

1/2. The Rudham Dirk, an oversized dagger that was ritually bent and deposited. © Norfolk Museum Service
The Rudham Dirk, an oversize Bronze Age ritual dagger that was famously used for years as a doorstop by a Norfolk farmer

It is 800 years older than the ancient city of Rome and is even older than the Pharaoh Tutankhaten, but this ceremonial Bronze Age dagger, which is thought to be about 3,500 years old, was found during ploughing in a Norfolk field in 2002...

Dawn of farming sparked speed-evolution in weeds

Atlit Yam: Submerged stone structure.

IT DIDN'T take long. Just a few thousand years after humans began to domesticate crops, a wide variety of weeds had adapted to exploit the new farmlands – with some species seeming to have evolved, like crops, to be completely dependent on cultivated land.

Given the chance, weeds will take root in most agricultural settings. Today their presence lowers crop yields by 10 per cent globally, causing losses of tens of billions of dollars in profits each year.

But weed woes are nothing new. Ehud Weiss at Bar-Ilan University in Ramat-Gan, Israel, and his colleagues studied ancient seeds, fruits and other plant remains recovered from Atlit-Yam, a 9000-year-old coastal settlement now submerged a few metres below the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Israel. The material was waterlogged by seawater, meaning it was extremely well preserved.

The remains, which date to a time just 2000 years after farmers sowed their first seeds, include durum wheat, figs, chickpeas (garbanzos) and herbs. Alongside these important crops there is evidence of at least 35 weed species – suggesting that it didn't take long for opportunistic herbaceous plants to adapt to our agricultural revolution. [...]

The Archaeology of Bronze Age Iberia: Argaric Societies

Book: The Archaeology of Bronze Age Iberia: Argaric Societies (Look inside) 
By Gonzalo Aranda Jimenez, Sandra Montón Subías, Margarita Sánchez Romero
Series: Routledge Studies in Archaeology (Book 17)
Hardcover: 218 pages
Publisher: Routledge; 1 edition (December 8, 2014)

After more than a century of research, an enormous body of scientific literature in the field of El Argar studies has been generated, comprising some 700 bibliographic items. No fully-updated synthesis of the literature is available at the moment; recent works deal only with specific characteristics of Argaric societies or some of the regions where their influence spread. The Archaeology of Bronze Age Iberia offers a much-needed, comprehensive overview of Argaric Bronze Age societies, based on state-of-the-art research...

Apes and Human Evolution

Book: Apes and Human Evolution (Look inside)
Russell H. Tuttle
Hardcover: 1056 pages
Publisher: Harvard University Press (February 17, 2014)

In this masterwork, Russell H. Tuttle synthesizes a vast research literature in primate evolution and behavior to explain how apes and humans evolved in relation to one another, and why humans became a bipedal, tool-making, culture-inventing species distinct from other hominoids. Along the way, he refutes the influential theory that men are essentially killer apes--sophisticated but instinctively aggressive and destructive beings...

Link 2: A Magisterial Synthesis Of Apes And Human Evolution