sábado, 21 de noviembre de 2015

Científicos chinos descubren cráneo fosilizado de homo erectus en este de China

The fossilized skull of Homo erectus discovered at the site of the grotto of Hualong, in the district of Dongzhi, in the Chinese province of Anhui [Credit: Xinhua]

 HEFEI, 20 nov (Xinhua) -- Los científicos chinos han descubierto un cráneo fosilizado de un homo erectus en la provincia oriental de Anhui, en el este del país, se informó hoy viernes.

El fósil es el último descubrimiento en el sitio arqueológico Hualongdong, en el distrito de Dongzhi de la provincia, señaló Liu Wu, científico en el Instituto de Paleontología de Vertebrados y Paleoantropología de la Academia de Ciencias de China.

El cráneo, que muestra la cara de un homo erectus, se ha mantenido bien conservado. Se remonta a entre 150.000 y 412.000 años o más, apuntó Liu, quien añadió que la edad exacta todavía espera más exámenes.

Hualongdong es otro sitio importante de homo erectus después de las otras localidades en el país, entre ellas, Zhoukoudian, donde vivían los Hombres de Beijing, Lantian, Hexian y Nanjing, indicó Liu.

La exploración arqueológica en Hualongdong empezó en 2006. Más de 6.000 fósiles de animales vertebrados y objetos de barro han sido desenterrados. Piezas del cráneo, dientes y huesos también han sido encontrados.

''Es muy raro que hayamos encontrado fósiles de tanta variedad en un solo sitio'', explicó Liu.

''Este descubrimiento cuenta con valores significantes para la investigación de la evolución humana en China y Asia Oriental'', agregó Liu.

HEFEI, Nov. 20 (Xinhua) -- Chinese archaeologists have discovered an "uncommonly well-preserved" fossilized skull of homo erectus in east China, providing more valuable material in the study of the evolution and distribution of early man.

The fossil is the latest discovery from the Hualongdong archaeological site in Dongzhi County, Anhui Province, which the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP) has been combing through since summer 2006.

This is proving to be another important site for homo erectus after findings were made in Zhoukoudian, where Peking Man lived, Lantian in northwest China's Shaanxi Province, Anhui's Hexian County, and Nanjing in the eastern Jiangsu Province, said Liu Wu, the IVPP researcher in charge of the excavation.

The skull at the center of this discovery, named Dongzhi Man, was found along with an assortment of stone implements, other human teeth and bone fragments, as well as more than 6,000 bone fossils belonging to vertebrate animals including stegodon, giant tapir and giant pandas.

"All of these indicate the site is exactly where the Dongzhi men lived as we found the bones of the animals were broken in a quite unnatural way. To put it more precisely, they were cut or chopped with tools into small pieces, meaning the animals were eaten or used as sacrifices," said Liu.

The highlight of the findings, the skull was discovered on Oct. 11. It was partly encased in earth, which helped protect it. The face can be clearly made out, including the complete eye socket, a large part of nasal bone and cheekbones.

"Discovering a well-preserved ancient human skull fossil is a dream come true for a paleoanthropologist, so our whole team were so happily surprised," said Liu.

"A skull carries much more information than any other human bone. With it, it's easier for us to restore the look of the human being and ultimately determine its origin," he said.

The skull is between 150,000 and 412,000 or more years old, Liu said, adding that further analysis will be done to determine its exact age...

Vídeo: Scientists find new homo erectus skull fossil in E China
Ver en PaleoVídeos > L.R.2.9 nº 9. 

6,600 year-old golden pendant found in prehistoric Bulgarian settlement

1/7. A gold pendant (pictured) discovered on the site of a prehistoric civilisation may have been made up to 6,600 years ago, making it one of the oldest pieces of gold jewellery ever discovered. The two gram piece of jewellery is made from 24 carat gold and may have been worn on a piece of cord

The necropolis at Solnitsata, which means 'Salt Pit', is situated just to the north of the Bulgarian city of Provadia.

It is famous for its two-storey houses and its heavily-walled fortress, thought to date back to about 4,300 BC.

However, the gold pendant could be even 200 or 300 years older than that, according to Professor Vassil Nikolov from Bulgaria's National Institute of Archaeology, the researcher who led the team behind the discovery. [...] Daily Mail Online

Entrada relacionada (2012)

Actualización: Hallan en Bulgaria la primera joya de oro del mundo - RT
Un grupo de arqueólogos ha encontrado lo que probablemente sea la pieza de joyería de oro más antigua del mundo. El objeto, de 24 quilates y solo dos gramos, fue desenterrado en un poblado prehistórico de Bulgaria.

La joya de 24 quilates fue hallada durante unas excavaciones en el poblado prehistórico de Solnitsata, Bulgaria. El hecho de que la pieza fuera hallada en el pueblo más antiguo del mundo la convierte en única: los expertos creen que podría tener alrededor de 6.600 años, informa 'Daily Mail'.

Los investigadores opinan que los habitantes de ese poblado pudieron haber sido los primeros en aprender a trabajar el oro. De acuerdo con los arqueólogos, tanto mujeres como hombres podrían haber usado la pieza como señal de alto nivel social.

El jefe de la investigación, Vassil Nikolov, destaca que el adorno no fue hallado dentro de una tumba, sino entre ellas, algo que podría sugerir la existencia de algún ritual religioso. Según explica Nikolov, todo el norte de Bulgaria pudo estar poblado por sociedades prehistóricas complejas.

Actualización 2016: Archaeologists Discover 6,500-Year-Old Gold Jewels in Solnitsata – Archaeology in Bulgaria

2/8. A member of the archaeological team shows one of the newly discovered gold jewels from the Salt Pit settlement near Bulgaria’s Provadiya. Photo: TV grab from bTV

Several roughly 6,500-year-old gold artifacts have been discovered by archaeologists together with numerous other finds during the 2016 excavations of the Solnitsata (i.e. “The Salt Pit") prehistoric settlement, which has been dubbed “Europe’s oldest prehistoric town“, located near Provadiya in Northeast Bulgaria.

More specifically, the newly found gold items date back to the period between 4,500 and 4,200 BC, lead archaeologist Prof. Vasil Nikolov from the National Institute and Museum of Archaeology in Sofia, has announced, as cited by local news site Darik News Varna.
The archaeological excavations of the prehistoric town “Provadiya – Solnitsata” made international headlines a year ago, in September 2015, with the discovery of a 6,300-year-old gold jewel.
Just recently, in September 2016, Nikolov announced the discovery of a roughly 6,400-year-old water well where the archaeological team had reached water at a depth of 8 meters.
However, the fact that more gold jewels have been discovered during the ongoing digs has been revealed only now, during a visit of Bulgaria’s Minister of Culture Vezhdi Rashidov to the archaeological site of the Provadiya – Solnitsata prehistoric town...

Why are these 32 symbols found in ancient caves all over Europe? | TED Talk

Written language, the hallmark of human civilization, didn't just suddenly appear one day. Thousands of years before the first fully developed writing systems, our ancestors scrawled geometric signs across the walls of the caves they sheltered in. Paleoanthropologist, rock art researcher and TED Senior Fellow Genevieve von Petzinger has studied and codified these ancient markings in caves across Europe. The uniformity of her findings suggest that graphic communication, and the ability to preserve and transmit messages beyond a single moment in time, may be much older than we think. TED Talk

Vídeo añadido a PaleoVídeos > L.R.2.9 nº 49.

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