lunes, 21 de marzo de 2016

Multi-purpose fossils? The reappraisal of an Elephas antiquus molar from El Pirulejo (Magdalenian; Córdoba, Spain)

Foto de Archivo: Cuevas de El Pirulejo, en Priego de Córdoba.

Miguel Cortés-Sánchez, Arturo Morales-Muñiz… in Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences (2016).

Fossil gathering by humans has been rarely documented in the Iberian Peninsula. In the present paper, a multidisciplinary approach has been taken to analyze a straight-tusked elephant (Elephas antiquus) molar retrieved in a Magdalenian deposit at the rock shelter of El Pirulejo in southern Spain. The taphonomical analyses revealed a multifarious use of a tooth that had not only been worked into an anvil-sort-of-tool but also used as a core and partly tainted with a composite pigment. The dating and geochemical analyses further evidenced that the molar derived from an animal that had lived in a rather arid landscape with a temperature range between 12.3 and 14.3 °C coincident with a cold episode within marine isotope stage (MIS) 6.6 and probably fed on herbaceous plants. These analyses evidence the potential fossils from archaeological sites bear for addressing a wide range of issues that include both the cultural and paleoenvironmental realms. doi:10.​1007/​s12520-016-0324-1 (Look Inside).

Supplementary Material: Video (0:03:39). Multi-purpose fossil. Elephas antiquus (El Pirulejo) / Link 2: [TEASER] Multi-purpose fossil. Elephas antiquus (El Pirulejo).Ver en PaleoVídeos > L.R.1.11 nº 29.