domingo, 28 de agosto de 2016

Human remains, pottery found in China's 4-millennia Dongzhao Ruins

1/6. Student Wang Hongchi of Archaeology at Zhengzhou University clears a tomb at the Dongzhao Ruins. Photo: IC

Among the farmlands in the west suburbs of Zhengzhou, Central China's Henan Province, the Dongzhao Ruins, named as one of China's top archaeological discoveries of 2014, cover an area of more than 100 million square meters.

A massive "middle city" was recently discovered in the ruins, as well as the foundations of other towns. The site is part of the Erlitou Bronze Age culture, which many Chinese scholars identify with the "Xia Dynasty" (c.2070 to c.1600 BC) recorded in much later accounts and legends.

The dig looks more like a construction site than the fantasies of tomb raiding depicted in popular Chinese films such as Ghost Blows Out The Lantern. There are no traps, supernatural guardians, or acrobatics here; just the long work of mapping and excavating the relics of ancient civilizations.

Human remains, coins, and buildings have been unearthed at the site.

The Zhengzhou Municipal Institute of Archaeology has been running this project from the beginning. Researchers from the institute are based at the site, and it also established a mobile archaeological lab for sample analysis and protection at the excavation site.

Many archaeology students from Zhengzhou and Beijing are working on the project as part of their training. Local farmers have also been hired to excavate the buried treasures. Many of them have participated in a number of archaeological excavations and have become experts in the painstaking processes required. Global Times

Archeologists discover 4,200 yr-old rattle in central Turkey

1/2. IHA Photo

A 4200-year-old toy, equivalent to today's rattle, has been discovered at the Acemhöyük excavation site in Yeşilova, Aksaray. The toy dates back to the early Bronze Age.

Prof. Dr. Aliye Öztan, the excavation leader at the Acemhöyük site in central Turkey, said the rattle toy is one of the most interesting artifacts to be found at Acemhöyük this year. The terra-cotta toy was found in a layer dating back to 2200 BC. It's shaped like a bag, and probably used to have a handle.

The toy is sealed but has tiny ornaments, probably small pebble stones, inside, which produce a noise when it's shaken. The 4200-year-old rattle is one of the oldest examples of today's plastic toys.

Öztan explained the aim of their excavations saying: "We want to examine layers of the early Bronze Age together with the older layers, because this site has a city wall dating back to the early Bronze Age." As well as the toy, which was found in the seventh layer, a piece of necklace made out of bones, metal needles, and cups have also been found in different layers. Daily Sabah

Actualización: Un sonajero de la Edad del Bronce en Turquía | Portal Clásico
Dentro del mundo de la arqueología, los hallazgos de objetos de la vida cotidiana de nuestros ancestros suelen ser los que más nos conmueven y emocionan. El hecho de poder comprobar que los seres humanos de hace miles de años tenían las mismas necesidades, los mismos comportamientos y las mismas limitaciones que los hombres y mujeres del siglo XXI nos acerca de algún modo a ellos.

El último gran hallazgo de este tipo se ha producido en el interior de Turquía, en el yacimiento de Acemhöyük. El profesor Aliye Öztan, director de las excavaciones en este yacimiento de la Edad del Bronce, hizo pública la aparición de una pequeña pieza de terracota, de forma casi esférica, hueca en su interior y llena de pequeños guijarros...

Scandinavian influence on the Vistula already more than 8 thousand years ago

1/3. Grindstone placed working part down in a specially prepared nest of small fieldstones... Photo by G. Osipowicz.

Inhabitants of the area of central Poland were in contact - and perhaps also traded with the people living in today's Scandinavia - already in the Mesolithic, that is, 8 thousand years ago. These are the conclusions from the excavations carried out in Paliwodzizna (Kujawsko-Pomorskie) by Dr. Grzegorz Osipowicz from Toruń.

"We found well-preserved remains of stone structures, which include hearths, walls and pavements, made, it seems, between nine and eight thousand years ago. The closest similar structures have been found in Sweden and Norway" - told PAP Dr. Grzegorz Osipowicz from the Institute Archaeology of the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, who led the excavations in Paliwodzizna.

The researcher noted that equally unique were the flint tools found in this place, namely geometric heads. These items were placed as inserts, which "armed" larger tools made of organic materials, for example arrows and harpoons. Heads such as those found in Paliwodzizna, are called notched tools. [...] Science & Scholarship in Poland / Link 2 

Orce - Ágora Historia

En primer lugar charlamos con Bienvenido Martínez Navarro del Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social sobre Orce. Conocemos el paso, el presente y el futuro de uno de los yacimientos más importantes a nivel mundial. Conoceremos también la polémica suscitada a partir de los restos del conocido como “Hombre de Orce”. (A partir del min 4:50) 155 Ágora Historia