miércoles, 11 de junio de 2014

Colungo regresa a la prehistoria con el Campeonato Europeo de Tiro con arco y propulsor

El entorno del Tozal de Mallata, en el municipio de Colungo, acoge este fin de semana unas de las mangas del XXIV Campeonato de Europa de Tiro con Armas Prehistóricas. Es la sexta vez en la que se podrá disfrutar en el Parque Cultural del Río Vero de estas competiciones y de las diversas actividades dedicadas a la prehistoria. Se espera que las pruebas de tiro con arco y propulsor reúnan a 40 participantes de España y Francia principalmente, además de los visitantes y curiosos que se acerquen hasta la zona para disfrutar de este evento.

Entre las actividades paralelas habrá prácticas de tiro con propulsor, visitas guiadas a los abrigos de Mallata y talleres de tecnología prehistórica en este entorno, que permitirán a los participantes conocer cómo vivían los habitantes de esta zona 20.000 de años atrás. También podrá visitarse el Centro de Arte Rupestre donde el sábado por la tarde habrá un taller de dibujo con aves reales y una demostración de vuelo libre de rapaces con lances y simulacros de caza.

Se trata de una actividad organizada por la Comarca de Somontano y el Parque Cultural del Río Vero, con la colaboración del Ayuntamiento de Colungo. Las actividades lúdicas con armas prehistóricas cuentan con una importante trayectoria en otros países europeos. El Parque Natural del Río Vero, un entorno que cuenta con uno de los conjuntos de Arte Rupestre más singulares del continente, es especialmente apropiado para su práctica y así lo ha demostrado en las diferentes ediciones que ha acogido de este Campeonato. radiohuesca.com

Actualización 17-06-14: Éxito de participación en el XXIV Campeonato Europeo de Tiro con Armas Prehistóricas
Tras la entrega de diplomas, el domingo día 15 por la tarde, de la mano del presidente de la Comarca del Somontano, Jaime Facerías y del alcalde de Colungo, Antonio Lacasa, se clausuró el XXIV Campeonato Europeo de Tiro con Armas Prehistóricas, celebrado en el Parque Cultural del Río Vero...

Ancient skull discovered in eastern Norway

The Norwegian farmer says the 2,900-year-old skull was found by chance. There is no indication as to the cause of death for now.

Picture of the skull

Archaeologists believe that the skull belonged to a man close to 20 years of age. At the same time, how the victim died currently remains a mystery.

“We can’t be 100 per cent sure that he was sacrificed, but we are comparing the remains with other bog bodies found in Northern Europe,” Hedmark County archaeologist Kjetil Skare says to The Foreigner.

“Bog acids in Norway are also of a different type than elsewhere. This means that we usually only find bones, in comparison to soft tissue in other parts. When it comes to other bog bodies, we’ve observed that the person was killed several times (using several methods) – such as by strangulation and slitting the throat.”

Mr Skare and his colleagues also found the remains of a body of a woman a couple of months ago. According to him, this further strengthens the theory that the latest discovery is of a sacrificial victim.

“They started to cremate people when they were buried during the last part of the Bronze Age in Norway (about 1100-500 BC) and in pre-Roman Iron Age times (4th-1st Century BC). It is not likely the remains we have discovered indicate a normal burial, because the body would have lain in a mound,” the expert says. [...] theforeigner.no

Polish meteorite venerated by Neolithic man?

A meteorite found in the remains of a Neolithic hut in Bolkow, north west Poland, may have been used for shamanic purposes, academics have argued.

The meteorite was discovered among a large group of sacral objects in a hut on the banks of Swidwie Lake in the West Pomeranian region. Archaeologists from the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology in Szczecin found items including an amulet, a so-called 'magic staff' fashioned from antlers and decorated with geometrical motifs, and an engraved bone spear. They were made about 9000 years ago. The discovery of the meteorite, which is 8cm high and 5.3cm wide at the base, proved especially intriguing in this context.


“The meteorite was brought to the hut as an object of special significance, because it came 'from another world,” Professor Tadeusz Galinski told the Polish Press Agency. “The item became an object in their belief system, and perhaps even a prop in the practice of shamanic magic,” he said. Archaeologists have been carrying out excavations at the site for several years now. The meteorite was discovered last year, but at first academics failed to identify it correctly. (nh)  thenews.pl

Actualización 29-06-14: Archaeologists discovered a meteorite fragment in a 9 thousand years old hut 
Archaeologists from the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology (IAE) PAS in Szczecin discovered a meteorite fragment inside the remains of a hut dating back more than 9,000 years in Bolków by the lake Świdwie in Western Pomerania. 

Photo by T. Galiński

It is a natural pyrite meteorite fragment with cylindrical shape and porous, corrugated side surface. It has a height of 8 cm, width of 5.3 cm at the base and 3.5 cm at the top.

"The meteorite was brought to the shelter as a special object, +not of this world+, which must have been obvious to the contemporary men, knowledgeable of stone raw materials. The thing became an object of belief, and maybe even shamanic magic" - told PAP Prof. Tadeusz Galiński of IAE, head of the research project. According to the discoverer, this is the first such find in the history of archaeology.

According to the professor, the discovered fragment is surprisingly heavy. "In addition, the side profile shape suggests various associations; the original finder millennia ago probably saw in it shapes of a mysterious world of spirits" - added the scientist.

Extraordinary discovery was accompanied by numerous tools made of flint, wood, bone and antler, and a rich group of objects associated with the spiritual culture: an amulet, bone spear tip with engraved ornament and so-called magic stick made of antler, decorated with geometric motifs.

In addition to the remains of the pole hut, which contained the meteorite, archaeologists discovered a second, almost identical structure. In both of them, excavated in peat layer, in the central part there were preserved traces of hearths.

Excavations in Bolków have continued for several years. The meteorite discovery was made during last year's work, but only now, thanks to specialized studies, researchers were able to determine the origin of the unusual object.

Excavations are conducted by the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology PAS. The research project is funded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education under the National Programme for the Development of Humanities. PAP - Science and Scholarship in Poland, Szymon Zdziebłowski

Actualización 25-09-14: Mesolithic sanctuary reveals constellation riddle
Evidence for ritual and possible astronomical practices during the Mesolithic period, 9000 years ago, has been uncovered in Bolków by lake Świdwie, Western Pomerania, by archaeologists from the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology in Szczecin, Poland.

Bundles of magic

This Mesolithic-era site recently became famous for the artefacts found at one particular hut. A number of possible shamanistic ritual objects along with a fragment of meteorite were discovered last year. (Past Horizons. July 07, 2014


To add to this discovery, the archaeologists have investigated the remains of two further pine and aspen pole structures which would have stood to a height of some 1.5 metres (5 ft). Inside both of the structures were buried bundles of pine and birch bark, bunches of grass – Festuca ovina - as well as bone fragments from forest dwelling animals. Now the archaeologists are more certain than ever that this is a rare glimpse into the world of Mesolithic beliefs...

Actualización: Santuario Mesolítico revela evidencia de la práctica ritual y astronómica - Nueva Era

The Siberian jaw that could unlock our genetic secrets

Unique Paleolithic prize for scientists, a jaw of an early human who 'feasted on woolly mammoth' - but may have been cannibalised. 

1/7. 'This jaw is really unique because it is perfectly preserved. We can glean a lot of data: age, gender, race, even some diseases this person might have suffered from.' Picture: 'Krasnoyarsk Geoarheologiya'

Embedded in a hillside where it has lain for around 14,000 years, the adult jaw from Afontova mountain on the outskirts of Krasnoyarsk was found alongside the bones of animals and ancient tools.

Detailed DNA analysis, probably in Germany, will indicate to experts the age, gender, race (Caucasian or Mongoloid or a mix), and even possible diseases from ancient times.

Scientists will examine the jaw, which includes teeth, for evidence of ancient cannibalism, an initial suspicion which they cannot immediately confirm, but also for the possibility that mammoth meat was part of his diet.
These human remains did not lie in a grave but alongside the remnants of animals that were butchered, said research fellow Ivan Stasyuk. 'Why cannibalism? Because this jaw lies alongside weapons and chipped of bones of large ungulates,' he said, surmising that this human was slaughtered, and eaten, too.

'I would not jump to the conclusion of cannibalism,' countered his colleague Leonid Galuhin, also a research fellow at the company 'Krasnoyarsk Geoarheologiya', the deputy leader of excavation. 'For now the jaw has been taken to a Novosibirsk laboratory for all analyses, including trasological analysis, which will allow us to say for sure if there act of cannibalism or not.'

The jaw is likely to be sent to the world famous Max Plank laboratory in Germany for a full scale DNA analysis. [...] siberiantimes.com via archaeology.org

Actualización 13-06-14: Hallada en Siberia una mandíbula humana de hace 14.000 años
Incrustada en la ladera de una colina, donde ha yacido durante unos 14.000 años, la mandíbula de adulto procedente de Afontova, en el límite exterior de Kransoyarsk, ha sido hallada junto a los huesos de otros animales y herramientas. Sus investigadores plantean la posibilidad, aún no confirmada, de que el individuo fuera canibalizado...